Weight, gender, and snack appeal

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Abstract

In this study, we hypothesized that overweight/obese persons have an exaggerated approach tendency toward high calorie foods. Testing this hypothesis, a stimulus response compatibility (SRC) task was used to assess approach-avoidance tendencies toward food in both overweight/obese participants (n = 42), and normal weight controls (n = 46). The SRC task is a reaction time task measuring how fast one approaches and avoids pictures of food and non-foods according to given instructions. It was found that overweight/obese men are slower at avoiding particularly high calorie snack foods. But this does not appear to be the case for overweight/obese women who showed nearly as fast avoidance as approach toward the high calorie food cues. It is concluded that overweight/obese women, rather than men, are ambivalent toward high calorie foods, which is the likely result of high dietary restraint. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-130
JournalEating Behaviors
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

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