Educational Intervention to Improve Citizen's Healthcare Participation Perception in Rural Japanese Communities: A Pilot Study

R. Ohta*, Y. Ryu, J. Kitayuguchi, C. Sano, K.D. Konings

*Corresponding author for this work

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In this mixed-methods study, we hypothesized that social cognitive theory (SCT)-based educational interventions for healthcare participation can improve the self-efficacy of older rural citizens in participating in their health management without any difficulties. Quasi-experimental study before and after SCT-based educational interventions and semi-structured interviews were conducted. Participants were Japanese elderly (>65 years) from rural communities. Propensity score matching was performed to estimate the effectiveness of educational interventions on participants' perception (intervention: n = 156; control: n = 121). Interview contents were transcribed verbatim and analyzed based on thematic analysis. The intervention group scored significantly higher than the control group for participation in planning and managing self-care. Interviews revealed three themes: ability to manage health conditions, relationship with medical professionals, and relationship among citizens. Participants reported difficulties in judging symptoms and communicating with medical professionals. Hierarchy and low motivation to participate in healthcare hindered collaboration. The findings suggest that SCT-based educational interventions can positively impact rural citizens' self-efficacy in healthcare participation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1782
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2021


  • citizen participation
  • educational workshop
  • healthcare
  • older rural citizen
  • social cognitive theory

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