Time trends in the epidemiology and outcome of perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease in a population-based cohort

Kevin W. A. Gottgens, Steven F. G. Jeuring*, Rosel Sturkenboom, Marielle J. L. Romberg-Camps, Liekele E. Oostenbrug, Daisy M. A. E. Jonkers, Laurents P. S. Stassen, Ad A. M. Masclee, Marieke J. Pierik, Stephanie O. Breukink

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

ObjectivePerianal disease is a debilitating condition that frequently occurs in Crohn's disease (CD) patients. It is currently unknown whether its incidence has changed in the era of frequent immunomodulator use and biological availability. We studied the incidence and outcome of perianal and rectovaginal fistulas over the past two decades in our population-based Inflammatory Bowel Disease South-Limburg cohort.Patients and methodsAll 1162 CD patients registered in the Inflammatory Bowel Disease South-Limburg registry were included. The cumulative probabilities of developing a perianal and rectovaginal fistula were compared between three eras distinguished by the year of CD diagnosis: 1991-1998, 1999-2005 and 2006-2011. Second, clinical risk factors and the risk of fistula recurrence were determined.ResultsThe cumulative 5-year perianal fistula rate was 14.1% in the 1991-1998 era, 10.4% in the 1999-2005 era and 10.3% in the 2006-2011 era, P=0.70. Colonic disease was associated with an increased risk of developing perianal disease, whereas older age was associated with a decreased risk (both P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-601
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • epidemiology
  • perianal fistula
  • population-based cohort
  • INFLAMMATORY-BOWEL-DISEASE
  • IN-ANO
  • NATURAL-HISTORY
  • CLINICAL-COURSE
  • WORKING PARTY
  • FIBRIN GLUE
  • FISTULAS
  • CLASSIFICATION
  • GASTROENTEROLOGY
  • MANAGEMENT

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