The objectives of this study were to describe and pilot-test a theory- and evidence-based intervention to improve adherence of HIV-infected patients with antiretroviral medication. Twenty-six treatment-experienced patients (>6 months on treatment) participated in a within-subject comparison design. Adherence was measured electronically with Medication Event Monitoring System (MEMS) caps for at least 5 months: 2 months before the intervention and 3 months during the intervention. MEMS data were used to measure the outcome of the intervention, but also served as feedback to participants during the intervention. Mean adherence during the month before intervention was compared to mean adherence during the third month of intervention. Data for the process evaluation were gathered through direct observation and semi-structured interviews. Adherence improved significantly during the intervention (Z = -2.1, p (warranted.
de Bruin, M., Hospers, H. J., van den Borne, H. W., Kok, G. J., & Prins, J. M. (2005). Theory and evidence-based intervention to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected patients in the Netherlands: a pilot study. Aids Patient Care and Stds, 19(6), 384-394. https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2005.19.384