Joseph Martin, Cyrus C.M. Mody

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionaryAcademic


Lithography became an essential tool for materials research during the post-World War II computing revolution. Increasing computing power required shrinking circuits and packing transistors more tightly together. Lithography made it possible to write small, precise circuits on a semiconducting surface, setting the stage for modern computing and fueling Moore’s Law - the observation that transistor density on chips has tended to double every eighteen months. But lithography was by no means a postwar development. It dates to the late-eighteenth century and is notable as a technique borrowed for materials research from the storied and ostensibly distant craft practices of ink-based printing. What ties these disparate applications together - aside from their name - is their close relationship to the commercial incentives of the times in which they developed….

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBetween Making and Knowing
Subtitle of host publicationTools in the History of Materials Research
EditorsJoseph Martin, Cyrus Mody
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-120-764-8
ISBN (Print)978-981-120-762-4
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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