Left ventricular function measurements in a mouse myocardial infarction model Comparison between 3D-echocardiography and ECG-gated SPECT

Geert Hendrikx, Matthias Bauwens, Roel Wierts, Felix M. Mottaghy*, Mark J. Post

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Aim: To assess the accuracy of ECG-gated micro (mu)-SPECT in a mouse myocardial infarction (MI) model in comparison to 3D-echocardiography. Animals, methods: In a mouse (Swiss mice) MI model we compared the accuracy of technetium-99m sestamibi (Tc-99m-sestamibi) myocardial perfusion, electrocardiogram (ECG) gated mu SPECT to 3D-echocardiography in determining left ventricular function. 3D-echocardiography and myocardial perfusion ECG-gated mu SPECT data were acquired in the same animal at baseline (n = 11) and 7 (n = 8) and 35 (n = 9) days post ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). Sham operated mice were used as a control (8, 6 and 7 mice respectively). Additionally, after day 35 mu SPECT scans, hearts were harvested and 2,3,5-triphenyl-2H-tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and autoradiography was performed to determine infarct size. Results: In both infarcted and sham-operated mice we consistently found comparable values for the end diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV) and ejection fraction (EF) obtained by 3D-echocardiography and ECG-gated mu SPECT. Excellent correlations between measurements from 3D-echocardiography and ECG-gated mu SPECT were found for EDV, ESV and EF (r = 0.9532, r = 0.9693 respectively and r = 0.9581) in infarcted mice. Furthermore, comparable infarct size values were found at day 35 post MI by TTC staining and autoradiography (27.71 +/- 1.80% and 29.20 +/- 1.18% with p = 0.43). Conclusion: We have demonstrated that ECG-gated mu SPECT imaging provides reliable left ventricular function measurements in a mouse MI model. Obtained results were comparable to the highly accurate 3D-echocardiography. This, in addition to the opportunity to simultaneously image multiple biological processes during a single acquisition makes mu SPECT imaging a serious option for studying cardiovascular disease in small animals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-122
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • ECG-gated SPECT
  • 3D-echocardiography
  • left ventricular function
  • myocardial infarction

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