Ad hoc coalitions in European security and defence: symptoms of short-term pragmatism, no more?

Yf Reykers*, Pernille Rieker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Ad hoc forms of military cooperation have become commonplace in European security and defence. The EU has even voiced the ambition to strengthen mutual support between its CSDP operations and European-led ad hoc coalitions. We ask whether and how this mutual support is strengthened and what it means for European defence integration. We focus on two cases: Task Force Takuba deployed to the Sahel region and the European Maritime Awareness mission in the Strait of Hormuz. Our analysis shows that European-led ad hoc coalitions are driven by short-term pragmatism, focused on providing quick fixes to collective problems and achieving particularistic gains. Plans to strengthen mutual support with the EU mostly emerge gradually and bottom-up, from military-operational experiences. However, formal integration is often hindered by political quarrels. We conclude that the EU needs a strategic vision for the position of ad hoc coalitions in European security and defence.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of European Integration
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 May 2024

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ad hoc coalitions in European security and defence: symptoms of short-term pragmatism, no more?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this