Young innovative companies and employment creation, evidence from the Pakistani textiles sector

W. Wadho, Michelene Goedhuys, A. Chaudhry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Using unique innovation survey data collected among a homogenous sample of firms active in the textiles and apparel sector in Pakistan, this paper analyses the role of innovation for employment growth. In particular, it develops and tests the hypothesis that innovation is conducive to employment creation, and that this is especially the case for smaller and younger firms, supporting the hypothesis that young innovative companies grow faster by engaging in riskier and more radical innovation to catch up with incumbent firms. We find empirical evidence for these hypotheses, which is robust to different model specifications and estimation techniques and to different measures of innovation. Young innovative companies also perform well in absolute employment creation making them interesting targets from a policy perspective. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-152
Number of pages14
JournalWorld Development
Volume117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

JEL classifications

  • o15 - "Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration"
  • e27 - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment: Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
  • o00 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth

Keywords

  • Employment growth
  • Firm growth
  • Pakistan
  • Quantile regression
  • Technological innovation
  • Textiles
  • employment
  • hypothesis testing
  • industrial development
  • industrial performance
  • innovation
  • regression analysis
  • textile industry
  • PERFORMANCE
  • TECHNOLOGICAL CAPABILITY
  • SIZE
  • DRIVERS
  • FIRM GROWTH
  • ACCUMULATION
  • MICRO
  • ABSORPTIVE-CAPACITY
  • DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES
  • AGE

Cite this