When and how should surgery be performed in senior colorectal cancer patients?

S. H. J. Ketelaers*, M. Fahim, H. J. T. Rutten, A. B. Smits, R. G. Orsini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Older studies reported high rates of postoperative morbidity and mortality in the senior population, which lead to a tendency to withhold curative surgery in the older population. However, more recent studies showed impressing developments in postoperative outcomes in seniors. Probably, these improvements are due to enhancements in both surgical and non-surgical aspects in the pre-, peri- and postoperative period, such as minimally invasive techniques and anesthesiological insights. The postoperative survival gap seen earlier between younger and older patients is fading. For optimal treatment in the older population, special awareness and care on several aspects is needed. As only a minority of the seniors are frail, a quick frailty assessment is crucial to distinguish the fit from the frail in the decision-making process. In addition, it could be valuable to improve the lacks in physical condition in the preoperative period with the use of prehabilitation programs. Furthermore, it is important to evolve an emergency to an elective setting by postponing emergency surgery to prevent any high-risk situation. In conclusion, based on modern insights, surgery is a valid option in the curative treatment of colorectal cancer in seniors, however individual attention and care is required. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd, BASO similar to The Association for Cancer Surgery, and the European Society of Surgical Oncology. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-332
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Colon cancer
  • Rectal cancer
  • Curative surgery
  • Emergency surgery
  • Elderly
  • Survival
  • CLINICAL COMPLETE RESPONDERS
  • ADVANCED RECTAL-CANCER
  • ELDERLY-PATIENTS
  • ELECTIVE SURGERY
  • POSTOPERATIVE OUTCOMES
  • PREDICT COMPLICATIONS
  • NEOADJUVANT TREATMENT
  • GERIATRIC ASSESSMENT
  • INTERNATIONAL WATCH
  • NUTRITIONAL-STATUS

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