What they say and what they do: comparing physical activity across the USA, England and the Netherlands

Arie Kapteyn*, James Banks, Mark Hamer, James P. Smith, Andrew Steptoe, Arthur van Soest, Annemarie Koster, Saw Htay Wah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

36 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background Physical activity (PA) is important for maintaining health, but there are fundamental unanswered questions on how best it should be measured. Methods We measured PA in the Netherlands (n=748), the USA (n=540) and England (n=254), both by a 7day wrist-worn accelerometer and by self-reports. The self-reports included a global self-report on PA and a report on the frequency of vigorous, moderate and mild activity. Results The self-reported data showed only minor differences across countries and across groups within countries (such as different age groups or working vs non-working respondents). The accelerometer data, however, showed large differences; the Dutch and English appeared to be much more physically active than Americans h (For instance, among respondents aged 50 years or older 38% of Americans are in the lowest activity quintile of the Dutch distribution). In addition, accelerometer data showed a sharp decline of PA with age, while no such pattern was observed in self-reports. The differences between objective measures and self-reports occurred for both types of self-reports. Conclusion It is clear that self-reports and objective measures tell vastly different stories, suggesting that across countries people use different response scales when answering questions about how physically active they are.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-476
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Volume72
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • physical activity
  • accelerometer
  • self-report
  • UNITED-STATES
  • VAGUE QUANTIFIERS
  • SELF-REPORTS
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • ACCELEROMETER
  • VALIDITY
  • PATTERNS
  • ADULTS

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