Virtual and Augmented Reality in Cardiac Surgery

Arian Arjomandi Rad, Robert Vardanyan, Aleksandra Lopuszko, Christina Alt, Ingo Stoffels, Bastian Schmack, Arjang Ruhparwar, Konstantin Zhigalov, Alina Zubarevich*, Alexander Weymann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Virtual and augmented reality can be defined as a three-dimensional real-world simulation allowing the user to directly interact with it. Throughout the years, virtual reality has gained great popularity in medicine and is currently being adopted for a wide range of purposes. Due to its dynamic anatomical nature, permanent drive towards decreasing invasiveness, and strive for innovation, cardiac surgery depicts itself as a unique environment for virtual reality. Despite substantial research limitations in cardiac surgery, the current literature has shown great applicability of this technology, and promising opportunities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-127
Number of pages5
JournalRevista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Augmented Reality
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures
  • Humans
  • Thoracic Surgery
  • Virtual Reality


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