Vesico-Vaginal Fistula Repair by a Vaginal Approach

J. Colenbrander*, J. Heesakkers, F. Martens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Introduction: The aim of this study is to determine the outcome of surgically treated vesico-vaginal fistulae (VVaFs) using a transvaginal approach with a Latzko technique. Methods: A retrospective chart study was conducted at the Department of Urology, Radboud University Medical Centre. Surgical approaches to repair VVaF, from 2014 to September 2020, were selected. Patients who underwent a transvaginal approach were included. The primary objective was fistula closure. Secondary objectives were predictive factors for the outcome of the surgical procedure, for example, patient characteristics, leakage on cystography 2 weeks postoperative, and surgery time. Results: Thirty-one patients had surgery for VVaF. Twenty-five procedures (81%) were performed transvaginally. Thirteen of these (52%) had successful transvaginal closure after the first attempt. Seven out of 12 had their second attempt at the time of analysis, of which 4 (57%) were successfully closed thereafter. After either 1 or 2 attempts with the transvaginal approach, 17 (68%) of the VVaFs were successfully closed, but 79% if patients who did not yet had a second attempt were taken into account with the current success extrapolated. Only few minor complications were observed. Conclusion: Transvaginal closure of VVaFs with a Latzko technique is successful in about 79% in either 1 or 2 attempts, with few minor complications. A second attempt in closing the fistula with a transvaginal approach is useful, and a previous transvaginal attempt is not a contraindication for a second transvaginal attempt in closing the VVaF surgically. </p>
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1113-1118
Number of pages6
JournalUrologia Internationalis
Issue number11-12
Early online date28 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


  • Urology
  • Urologic surgical procedures
  • Vesico-vaginal fistula


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