Ultrasound imaging to tailor treatment of shoulder pain in general practice

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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The prognosis for patients with shoulder pain is poor. Unfortunately, general practitioners are not able to determine the underlying cause of shoulder pain during a consultation. Treatment therefore focuses on the symptoms and not the underlying cause. This dissertation shows that general practitioners find diagnosing shoulder pain complex, and that ultrasound is suitable for making a diagnosis and is also frequently used to do so. However, treatment based on ultrasound diagnosis in patients with a history of less than three months’ pain does not result in a better prognosis after one year. It is therefore recommended that general practitioners do not refer patients with shoulder pain for ultrasound.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
  • Dinant, Geert, Supervisor
  • de Bie, Robert, Supervisor
  • Cals, Jochen, Co-Supervisor
Award date19 Nov 2015
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Print ISBNs9789461593368
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • shoulder pain
  • diagnosis
  • general practitioner
  • ultrasound

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