Treatment strategies for chronic osteomyelitis in low- and middle-income countries: systematic review

J. Geurts*, A. Hohnen, T. Vranken, P. Moh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

14 Citations (Web of Science)


ObjectivesTo identify a standard treatment regime or highly successful procedure for chronic osteomyelitis in low- and middle-income countries.

MethodsSystematic review following PRISMA guidelines.

ResultsThe initial search resulted in 102 studies of which nine met the inclusion criteria and were analysed qualitatively. The included studies involved 1173 patients from Africa and Asia. All patients were diagnosed with chronic osteomyelitis. Surgical and antibiotic treatment regimens differed substantially. No better judgement than moderate risk of selection bias could be made due to the study designs.

ConclusionsThe evidence is not sufficiently robust to identify the most effective treatment, or to even allow a recommendation of the best suitable treatment of chronic osteomyelitis in low-income countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1054-1062
Number of pages9
JournalTropical Medicine & International Health
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2017


  • chronic osteomyelitis
  • review
  • low- and middle-income country
  • Ghana

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