Treatment for depression in 63 countries worldwide: Describing and explaining cross-national differences

Fransje Smits, Tim Huijts*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

This study describes differences between 63 countries in treatment for depression and explores explanations for these differences. Treatment for depression is measured as the overall chance that an individual receives treatment, plus as the chance to receive treatment given the presence of depressive symptoms. Using the World Health Survey (2002-2004, N=249,116), we find strong cross-national variation in the chance to receive treatment for depression. Additionally, multilevel regression analyses reveal that urbanization, employment status, marital status, level of education, gender, age, and national wealth all partly explain cross-national differences in the chance to receive treatment for depression. Copyright ?? 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalHealth & Place
Volume31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Treatment
  • Cross-national
  • Multilevel analysis
  • Contextual data
  • MENTAL-HEALTH SURVEYS
  • INCOME INEQUALITY
  • GLOBAL BURDEN
  • SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS
  • MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS
  • DISORDERS
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • PREVALENCE
  • DISEASES
  • INJURIES

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