Trauma Induces Interleukin-17A Expression on Th17 Cells and CD4+ Regulatory T Cells as Well as Platelet Dysfunction

Friederike Hefele, Alexander Ditsch, Niels Krysiak, Charles C Caldwell, Peter Biberthaler, Martijn van Griensven, Stefan Huber-Wagner, Marc Hanschen

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Abstract

Background: The organism's immune response to trauma is distinctively controlled, its dysregulation leading to severe post-traumatic complications. Platelets, CD4+ regulatory T cells (CD4+ Tregs) and T helper 17 (Th17) cells have been identified to participate in the post-traumatic immune response. Unfortunately, little is known about their exact role and potential interdependency in humans. Aims of this clinical trial were to phenotype the human immune response following injury and to identify risk factors rendering the host more susceptible to trauma induced injury. Methods: This non-interventional prospective clinical trial enrolled patients following multiple trauma, follow up was conducted for 10 days. Peripheral blood CD4+ Tregs and Th17 cells were analyzed using flow cytometry to determine Interleukin 17A (IL-17A) expression. Hemostasis and platelet function were assessed with rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM®). Subgroup analysis was conducted for the factors gender, age, and trauma severity. Results and Conclusion: This is the first clinical trial to phenotype the immune response following trauma, focusing on platelets, and the adaptive immune response. We discovered a novel increased IL-17A expression on Th17 cells and on CD4+ Tregs following trauma and describe the kinetics of the immune response. The IL-17A response on CD4+ Tregs challenges the ascribed role of CD4+ Tregs to be solely counter inflammatory in this setting. Furthermore, despite a rising number of platelets, ROTEM analysis shows post-traumatic platelet dysfunction. Subgroup analysis revealed gender, age, and trauma severity as influencing factors for several of the analyzed parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2389
Pages (from-to)2389
Number of pages12
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • T helper 17 cells
  • CD4+regulatory T cells
  • trauma
  • hemostasis
  • IL-17A
  • flow cytometry
  • thromboelastometry
  • PERIPHERAL-BLOOD
  • REGULATORY CELLS
  • DOUBLE-BLIND
  • IMMUNE
  • SEPSIS
  • ALPHA
  • DIFFERENTIATION
  • IDENTIFICATION
  • INFLAMMATION
  • ACTIVATION

Cite this

Hefele, F., Ditsch, A., Krysiak, N., Caldwell, C. C., Biberthaler, P., van Griensven, M., Huber-Wagner, S., & Hanschen, M. (2019). Trauma Induces Interleukin-17A Expression on Th17 Cells and CD4+ Regulatory T Cells as Well as Platelet Dysfunction. Frontiers in Immunology, 10, 2389. [2389]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.02389