TRANSITION PERIOD CLINICAL TRAJECTORIES FOR PD VERSUS HD STARTERS

Dugan W. Maddux*, Len A. Usvyat, Thomas Blanchard, Yue Jiao, Peter Kotanko, Frank M. van der Sande, Jeroen P. Kooman, Franklin W. Maddux

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) starters generally have a better outcome compared with hemodialysis (HD) starters, perhaps related to treatment characteristics or case mix. We previously showed that pre- and post-dialysis start clinical parameter trajectories are related to outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate these trajectories in PD and HD starters.

Methods: This retrospective observational study analyzing data from the Fresenius Medical Care-chronic kidney disease (CKD) Registry from January 2009 to March 2018 examines trends in key clinical parameters through the transition period covering 12 months before to 12 months after dialysis start in 8,088 HD and 1,015 PD starters.

Results: Hemodialysis starters differed from PD starters by a significantly greater decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) slope (-0.64 vs -0.45 mL/min/1.73 m(2)/month) before and higher eGFR (9.85 vs 7.84 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) at dialysis start. Relatedly, differences in phosphorus (0.07 vs 0.05 mg/dL/month) and hemoglobin (-0.08 vs -0.01 g/dL/month) slopes before the transition to dialysis therapy were observed. After dialysis start, HD starters experienced a greater increase in albumin (0.01 vs 0 g/dL/month) whereas PD starters experienced a decline in serum sodium and higher white blood cell counts compared with HD starters.

Conclusion: For nephrology practice CKD patients, HD and PD starters appear clinically comparable in the year before dialysis start although HD starters exhibit a more rapid pre-dialytic eGFR decline. Ideally, studies comparing incident HD and PD outcomes should also consider CKD eGFR trajectories. In the first dialysis year, divergence occurs in albumin, white blood cell count, sodium and hemoglobin trends, which may be partly treatment-related.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-50
Number of pages9
JournalPeritoneal Dialysis International
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • CKD
  • peritoneal dialysis
  • hemodialysis
  • dialysis start
  • KIDNEY-FUNCTION DECLINE
  • PERITONEAL-DIALYSIS
  • HEMODIALYSIS-PATIENTS
  • BODY-COMPOSITION
  • SIMILAR OUTCOMES
  • SERUM-ALBUMIN
  • 1ST YEAR
  • MORTALITY
  • INITIATION
  • SURVIVAL

Cite this