The role of Extracellular Vesicles during CNS development

N.B. Sangani, A.R. Gomes, L.M.G. Curfs, C.P. Reutelingsperger*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

5 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

With a diverse set of neuronal and glial cell populations, Central Nervous System (CNS) has one of the most complex structures in the body. Intercellular communication is therefore highly important to coordinate cell-tocell interactions. Besides electrical and chemical messengers, CNS cells also benefit from another communication route, what is known as extracellular vesicles, to harmonize their interactions. Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) and their subtype exosomes are membranous particles secreted by cells and contain information packaged in the form of biomolecules such as small fragments of DNA, lipids, miRNAs, mRNAs, and proteins. They are able to efficiently drive changes upon their arrival to recipient cells. EVs actively participate in all stages of CNS development by stimulating neural cell proliferation, differentiation, synaptic formation, and mediating reciprocal interactions between neurons and oligodendrocyte for myelination process. The aim of the present review is to enlighten the presence and contribution of EVs at each CNS developmental milestone.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102124
Number of pages14
JournalProgress in Neurobiology
Volume205
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Extracellular vesicles
  • Exosomes
  • Intracellular communication
  • neuron
  • glia
  • CNS development
  • NEURAL STEM-CELL
  • OUTER SUBVENTRICULAR ZONE
  • HUMAN CEREBRAL-CORTEX
  • GLUTAMATE TRANSPORTERS
  • NEURONAL SPECIFICATION
  • ADULT NEUROGENESIS
  • PROGENITOR CELLS
  • RETT-SYNDROME
  • GAG PROTEIN
  • RADIAL GLIA

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