The Relationship between Training Load Measures and Next-Day Well-Being in Rugby Union Players

R. Taylor, T.D. Myers, D. Sanders, M. Ellis, I. Akubat*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The aim of this study is to identify the relationship between different internal and external load measures and next day subjective wellbeing. With institutional ethics approval, ten academy rugby union players (Five forwards, and five backs) with a local National League One club agreed to participate in the study (aged; 18.4 +/- 1.0 years, height; 181.3 +/- 5.9 cm, body mass 85.9 +/- 13.0 kg, VO2max 56.2 +/- 6.8 Before the 6-week in-season data collection period, participants completed an incremental treadmill test to determine lactate thresholds at 2 mmol.L-1 (LT) and 4 mmol.L-1 and the heart rate blood lactate (HR-BLa) profile for individualized training impulse (iTRIMP) calculations. Internal training load was quantified using Banister's TRIMP, Edward's TRIMP, Lucia's TRIMP, individualised TRIMP and session-RPE. External training load was reported using total distance, PlayerLoad, high-speed distances (HSD) > 18 km.h(-1) and >15 km.h(-1), and individualized high-speed distance (iHSD) based on each player's velocity at OBLA. On arrival and prior to all training sessions players completed a well-being questionnaire (WB). Bayesian linear mixed model analysis identified that a range of internal and external load measures explained between 30% and 37% of next-day total wellbeing and between 65% and 67% of next-day perceived stress. All other internal and external load measures demonstrated very weak to moderate relationships (R-2 = 0.08 to 0.39) with all other wellbeing components. Internal sRPE, iTRIMP and bTRIMP loads alongside external HSD loads provide coaches with the most practical measures to influence players' perceived wellbeing.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5926
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • wellbeing
  • training impulse
  • fatigue
  • internal load
  • external load
  • team sports

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