The potential of volatile organic compounds for the detection of active disease in patients with ulcerative colitis

A. Smolinska, A. G. L. Bodelier, J. W. Dallinga, A. A. M. Masclee, D. M. Jonkers, F. -J. van Schooten*, M. J. Pierik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

BackgroundTo optimise treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC), patients need repeated assessment of mucosal inflammation. Current non-invasive biomarkers and clinical activity indices do not accurately reflect disease activity in all patients and cannot discriminate UC from non-UC colitis. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled air could be predictive of active disease or remission in Crohn's disease.

AimTo investigate whether VOCs are able to differentiate between active UC, UC in remission and non-UC colitis.

MethodsUC patients participated in a 1-year study. Clinical activity index, blood, faecal and breath samples were collected at each out-patient visit. Patients with clear defined active faecal calprotectin >250 g/g and inactive disease (Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Index

ResultsIn total, 72 UC (132 breath samples; 62 active; 70 remission) and 22 non-UC-colitis patients (22 samples) were included. Eleven VOCs predicted active vs. inactive UC in an independent internal validation set with 92% sensitivity and 77% specificity (AUC 0.94). Non-UC colitis patients could be clearly separated from active and inactive UC patients with principal component analysis.

ConclusionsVolatile organic compounds can accurately distinguish active disease from remission in UC and profiles in UC are clearly different from profiles in non-UC colitis patients. VOCs have demonstrated potential as new non-invasive biomarker to monitor inflammation in UC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1244-1254
Number of pages11
JournalAlimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Volume45
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • INFLAMMATORY-BOWEL-DISEASE
  • C-REACTIVE PROTEIN
  • FECAL CALPROTECTIN
  • CROHNS-DISEASE
  • ENDOSCOPIC ACTIVITY
  • ACTIVITY INDEXES
  • DIAGNOSIS
  • RELAPSE
  • MARKER
  • PATHOGENESIS

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