The oral health condition and treatment needs of nursing home residents in Flanders (Belgium).

Barbara Janssens*, Jacques Vanobbergen, Mirko Petrovic, Wolfgang Jacquet, Jos M. G. A. Schols, Luc De Visschere

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

A study was conducted of nursing home residents with limited access to regular oral health care services to evaluate their oral health status, to perform an assessment of the need for oral treatment and to determine the possible predicting value of age, gender, care dependency and income level on their oral health status and treatment needs. Materials and methods: Three experienced dentists collected clinical oral health data with a mobile dental unit in 23 nursing homes. Socio-demographic data were extracted from the residents' records in the nursing home. Besides the descriptive and bivariate analysis, a general linear mixed model analysis was also performed with the nursing home as random effect. Results: The study sample consisted of 1,226 residents with a mean age of 83.9 years, of which 41.9% were edentulous. The mean D(3)MFt in the dentate group was 24.5 and 77% needed extractions or fillings. In the group of residents wearing removable dentures, 36.9% needed repair, rebasing or renewal of the denture. The mixed model analysis demonstrated that with each year a resident gets older, the oral health outcomes get worse and that men have worse oral health and higher treatment needs than women. However, the level of income and care dependency had a less extensive role in predicting the oral health outcomes. Conclusions: The nursing home residents presented a poor overall oral health status and high dental and prosthetic treatment needs. Gender and age were important predicting variables for the oral health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-151
Number of pages9
JournalCOMMUNITY DENTAL HEALTH
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Oral health
  • treatment needs
  • nursing homes
  • elderly
  • OLDER-PEOPLE
  • HYGIENE
  • CARE

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