The intraocular pressure-lowering effect of prostaglandin analogs combined with topical ß-blocker therapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

C.A.B. Webers, H.J.M. Beckers, M.P.A. Zeegers, R.M.M.A. Nuijts, F. Hendrikse, J.S.A.G. Schouten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect of prostaglandin analogs (PGAs) when added to topical beta-blocker (BB) therapy. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine articles reporting on 33 study arms and 3 control arms. METHODS: Articles published between January 1, 1990, and August 18, 2009, were identified in relevant databases. The pooled IOP-lowering effects at the 1- to 3-month follow-ups were calculated by performing random effects meta-analyses. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Absolute and relative change in IOP for mean diurnal curve and highest and lowest IOP decrease on the diurnal IOP curve. RESULTS: Adding 0.005% latanoprost in the evening to 0.5% timolol twice daily resulted in a pooled change of -6.3 mmHg (95% CI, -7.1 to -5.5 mmHg, mean IOP curve); switching to the fixed combination of 0.5% timolol and 0.005% latanoprost in the morning resulted in a pooled change of -2.8 mmHg (95% CI, -3.3 to -2.3 mmHg, mean IOP curve). Starting with any fixed combination of 0.5% timolol and a PGA in the morning resulted in a pooled change of -8.4 mmHg (95% CI, -9.1 to -7.6 mmHg, mean IOP curve) and varied between -9.1 mmHg (95% CI, -9.9 to -8.2 mmHg, highest) and -7.9 mmHg (95% CI, -8.5 to -7.2 mmHg, lowest); starting with any fixed combination of 0.5% timolol and a PGA in the evening resulted in a pooled change of -8.6 (95% CI, -9.2 to -8.0 mmHg, mean IOP curve) and varied between -10.1 mmHg (95% CI, -11.0 to -9.2 mmHg, highest) and -7.3 mmHg (95% CI, -8.1 to -6.4 mmHg, lowest). CONCLUSIONS: The concomitant use of latanoprost and timolol leads to a larger additional IOP reduction when compared with the fixed combination. There is no difference in mean IOP-lowering effect between evening and morning dosing of a fixed combination of timolol and a PGA, although the largest IOP decreases are seen with evening dosing. These findings are explained by differences in study design. When time points of IOP measurements close to the peak or trough moment of a drug are included, the IOP-lowering effect will be overestimated or underestimated, respectively. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE(S): Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found after the references.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2067-2074
Number of pages14
JournalOphthalmology
Volume117
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • OPEN-ANGLE GLAUCOMA
  • RANDOMIZED CLINICAL-TRIALS
  • LATANOPROST/TIMOLOL FIXED COMBINATION
  • OCULAR HYPERTENSION
  • INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS
  • OPHTHALMIC SOLUTION
  • TIMOLOL 0.5-PERCENT
  • 24-HOUR CONTROL
  • UNITED-KINGDOM
  • EFFICACY

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