Objectives: There are still doubts on the effect of preoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) on early and late mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This retrospective study demonstrates the effects of preoperative AF on the short-term and long-term survival after CABG. Methods: We retrospectively analysed the data of 10 626 patients who underwent CABG between January 1998 and December 2007. The data of 221 patients with a history of preoperative AF (2.5%) and 8631 patients with preoperative sinus rhythm were eligible for analysis. Survival of these patient groups was compared to survival of age- and sex-matched groups of the Dutch general population. Results: Mean follow-up duration was 4.6 +/- 2.9 years. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed preoperative AF to be an independent risk factor for early mortality after CABG, with an odds ratio of 2.06 (95% confidence interval (Cl): 1.08-3.95; P=0.029). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that preoperative AF is an independent risk factor for late mortality after CABG, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.67 (95% Cl: 1.21-2.31; P=0.002). Using propensity score matching, AF was also an independent risk factor for late mortality after CABG, with an HR of 2.77 (95% Cl: 1.6-4.79; P <0.001). In comparison with the general Dutch population, patients with preoperative AF who undergo CABG have a worse long-term survival, while patients with preoperative sinus rhythm experience a better survival. Conclusions: Preoperative AF is an independent risk factor for early and late mortality after first-time elective CABG.
- Atrial fibrillation