The impact of mental and somatic stressors on physical activity and sedentary behaviour in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a diary study

Louise Poppe*, Annick L De Paepe, Dimitri M.L. Van Ryckeghem, Delfien Van Dyck, Iris Maes, Geert Crombez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Adopting an active lifestyle is key in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Nevertheless, the majority of individuals with T2DM fails to do so. Additionally, individuals with T2DM are likely to experience mental (e.g., stress) and somatic (e.g., pain) stressors. Research investigating the link between these stressors and activity levels within this group is largely lacking. Therefore, current research aimed to investigate how daily fluctuations in mental and somatic stressors predict daily levels of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour among adults with T2DM.

Methods: Individuals with T2DM (N = 54) were instructed to complete a morning diary assessing mental and somatic stressors and to wear an accelerometer for 10 consecutive days. The associations between the mental and somatic stressors and participants' levels of PA and sedentary behaviour were examined using (generalized) linear mixed effect models.

Results: Valid data were provided by 38 participants. We found no evidence that intra-individual increases in mental and somatic stressors detrimentally affected participants' activity levels. Similarly, levels of sedentary behaviour nor levels of PA were predicted by inter-individual differences in the mental and somatic stressors.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere11579
Number of pages16
JournalPEERJ
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • ACTIVITY/EXERCISE
  • CHRONIC PAIN
  • DEPRESSION
  • Diary
  • NEGATIVE AFFECT
  • OLDER-ADULTS
  • PREVALENCE
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS
  • Physical activity
  • STRATEGIES
  • SYMPTOMS
  • Sedentary behaviour
  • Stressors
  • TIME
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Within-subjec variability
  • STATEMENT

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