The HCR-20 in Personality Disordered Female Offenders: A Comparison with a Matched Sample of Males

V. de Vogel*, C. de Ruiter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This study examines the predictive validity of the HCR-20 in a sample of 42 female patients admitted to a Dutch forensic psychiatric hospital. The findings are compared with those for a matched sample of 42 male forensic psychiatric patients. The inter-rater reliability of the HCR-20 was good for both female and male patients. There were significant differences between female and male patients in mean HCR- 20 item scores, but the mean H, C and R-subscale scores and total score were comparable. The base rate for inpatient violence was similar for female (30%) and male patients (29%), but the base rate for violent recidivism after discharge was significantly higher for the male sample (43%) compared with the female sample (13%). For male patients, the HCR-20 demonstrated good to excellent predictive validity for violent outcome (violent recidivism and inpatient violence); however, predictive accuracy for female patients was much lower. In females, only the HCR-20 final risk judgment, and not the HCR-20 total score, demonstrated significant predictive validity for violent outcome. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved) (from the journal abstract)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-240
JournalClinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005

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