The French Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children

Benjamin Putois*, Wendy Leslie, Marie Paule Gustin, Marie-Josephe Challamel, Aude Raoux, Anne Guignard-Perret, Diane Weick, Jean-Baptiste Sauzeau, Vania Herbillon, Filio Zourou, Karen Spruyt, Patricia Franco

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objective: The psychometric properties of the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC) have been shown to be accurate, even when translated into several languages. The aim of the present study was to translate, adapt, and validate the SDSC for a French-speaking population.

Methods: After forward- and back-translation, the tool was further translated and adapted into the French language. It was then pretested in terms of clarity on 33 French-speaking parents. Pretesting demonstrated that the questionnaire was well understood, indicating good clarity. During the validation phase, a total of 447 French-speaking parents of children aged between 4 and 16 years completed the SDSC. Among these, 66 children were diagnosed with sleep disorders by a pediatric specialist after a sleep consultation and polysomnographic recordings.

Results: The factor analysis revealed five factors: difficulty in initiating and maintaining sleep (DIMS), sleep breathing disorders (SBD), disorders of excessive somnolence (DOES), parasomnias (PARA) and non-restorative sleep (NRS). This psychometric structure is reliable and logical in comparison with the experts' diagnoses. Convergent validity, divergent and internal reliability are very good. Inter-parental concordance in scoring the child's sleep problem does show differences in the ways in which parents report their children's sleep patterns. Cut-off was calculated for the total score (45).

Conclusion: This study validated a 25-item French version of the questionnaire. The French SDSC could therefore be used to aid screening of sleep disorders in the general population. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-65
Number of pages10
JournalSleep Medicine
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017


  • Sleep
  • Children
  • Questionnaire
  • Validation
  • Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children
  • French adaptation
  • SDSC

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