Aims: This observational retrospective analysis was done to compare the plication of the bladder adventitia with the reconstruction of the pubocervical layer concerning the reoperation rate for recurrent cystocele. Methods: Sixty-five patients underwent an anterior vaginal wall repair using traditional techniques. In 11 patients, the prolapse was corrected by simply plicating the adventitia of the posterior bladder wall (group A), and in 54 patients the pubocervical layer was rebuilt using structures of the endopelvic fascia following far lateral dissection of the vaginal flaps (group B). The anatomical state was documented via the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification system. Results: The overall reoperation rate of cystoceles was 6% after a mean follow-up of 2 years. Three out of 11 patients of group A and 1/54 patients of group B underwent repeat surgery (p <0.005). No complications were observed in group A (0/11). In contrast, seven complications were related to the reconstruction of the pubocervical layer (7/54, p > 0.05). Two patients presented with ureteral obstruction, one of them requiring temporary nephrostomy. Conclusion: Compared with the plication of the bladder adventitia, the reoperation rate after reconstruction of the pubocervical layer is diminished. However, because of potential risks of ureteral injury, the procedure demands serious precaution.
- Anterior vaginal wall repair
- Endopelvic fascia
- Pelvic floor surgery
- Reoperation rate of cystocele
- Ureteral obstruction