The economic and social effects of remittances and return migration in conflict-affected areas : the case of Burundi

S. Fransen

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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This dissertation studies the effects of remittances and return migration on households and communities in Burundi and shows that in a conflict-affected country such as Burundi, which is one of the poorest countries the world, migration does not have the anticipated development-boosting effect that comes forward from the policy and academic literature on migration and development. The economic development impact of remittances, for example, was limited because remittances did not reach the citizens who needed it the most. Similarly, return migration led to structural inequalities between return and non-return households in terms of land ownership and was found to negatively affect the living conditions of non-return households as well. The findings of this research highlight the necessity of a basic level of development before migration can positively affect development.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
  • Mazzucato, Valentina, Supervisor
  • Koser, K., Co-Supervisor, External person
  • Vargas-Silva, C., Co-Supervisor, External person
Award date16 Jun 2015
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Print ISBNs9789086663682
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • migration
  • development

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