The EANM practice guidelines for bone scintigraphy

T. Van den Wyngaert, K. Strobel, W. U. Kampen, T. Kuwert, W. van der Bruggen, H. K. Mohan, G. Gnanasegaran, R. Delgado-Bolton, W. A. Weber, M. Beheshti, W. Langsteger, F. Giammarile, F. M. Mottaghy, F. Paycha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose The radionuclide bone scan is the cornerstone of skeletal nuclear medicine imaging. Bone scintigraphy is a highly sensitive diagnostic nuclear medicine imaging technique that uses a radiotracer to evaluate the distribution of active bone formation in the skeleton related to malignant and benign disease, as well as physiological processes. Methods The European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM) has written and approved these guidelines to promote the use of nuclear medicine procedures of high quality. Conclusion The present guidelines offer assistance to nuclear medicine practitioners in optimizing the diagnostic procedure and interpreting bone scintigraphy. These guidelines describe the protocols that are currently accepted and used routinely, but do not include all existing procedures. They should therefore not be taken as exclusive of other nuclear medicine modalities that can be used to obtain comparable results. It is important to remember that the resources and facilities available for patient care may vary.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1723-1738
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016


  • Bone scintigraphy
  • Bone scan
  • Bone SPECT/CT
  • Bone disease


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