Synergistic stimulation of myogenesis by glucocorticoid and IGF-I signaling

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Abstract

Muscle wasting is associated with poor prognosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD. Exercise stimulates muscle recovery but its efficacy is variable depending on the clinical condition and medical treatment. Systemic glucocorticoids, commonly administered in high-doses during acute disease exacerbations or as maintenance treatment in end-stage disease are known to contribute to muscle wasting. As muscle mass recovery involves IGF-I signaling, which can be stimulated by anabolic steroids, the impact of glucocorticoids and the effect of simultaneous IGF-I stimulation by anabolic steroids on muscle recovery and growth were investigated. The effects of and interactions between glucocorticoid and IGF-I signaling on skeletal muscle growth were assessed in differentiating C2C12 myocytes. As proof-of-principle, we performed a post-hoc analysis stratifying patients by glucocorticoid use, of a clinical trial investigating the efficacy of anabolic steroid supplementation on muscle recovery in muscle wasted patients with COPD. Glucocorticoids strongly impaired protein synthesis signaling, myotube formation and muscle-specific protein expression. In contrast, in presence of glucocorticoids, IGF-I synergistically stimulated myotube fusion and myofibrillar protein expression, which corresponded with restored protein synthesis signaling by IGF-I and increased transcriptional activation of muscle-specific genes by glucocorticoids. In COPD patients on maintenance glucocorticoid treatment, the clinical trial also revealed an enhanced effect of anabolic steroids on muscle mass and respiratory muscle strength. In conclusion, synergistic effects of anabolic steroids and glucocorticoids on muscle recovery may be caused by relief of the glucocorticoid-imposed blockade on protein synthesis signaling allowing effective translation of glucocorticoid-induced accumulation of muscle-specific gene transcripts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1329-1339
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume114
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • protein synthesis
  • glucocorticoid receptor
  • anabolic steroid
  • muscle atrophy
  • muscle regeneration
  • OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY-DISEASE
  • GROWTH-FACTOR-I
  • GLYCOGEN-SYNTHASE KINASE-3-BETA
  • SKELETAL-MUSCLE DIFFERENTIATION
  • GENE-EXPRESSION
  • INDUCED MYOPATHY
  • CELL-LINE
  • KAPPA-B
  • DEXAMETHASONE
  • ATROPHY

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