Switching the lights off: The impact of energy tariff increases on households in the Kyrgyz Republic

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Abstract

This paper describes an analysis of the impact that higher energy tariffs would have on households in the Kyrgyz Republic using micro-data from the 2009 Kyrgyz Integrated Household Survey. This analysis was conducted to determine which households would be most affected by higher energy tariffs and to what extent mitigation measures, such as lifeline tariffs or direct cash transfers, might lessen the impact for poor and vulnerable households. The analysis focused on first-order effects and used benefit incidence analysis and static micro-simulation to estimate the expected costs and benefits of higher energy prices and the corresponding mitigation measures. The results suggest that both the type of energy and the level of connectedness matter. Increasing tariffs for thermal power used for central heating and hot water mainly affects richer households in urban areas. Reducing implicit electricity subsidies affects the entire population due to nearly complete country coverage with electricity connections. Both lifeline tariffs and direct cash transfers could mitigate the effect of higher electricity tariffs at lower costs than universal subsidies. © 2013 Association for Comparative Economic Studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-769
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Comparative Economics
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014

JEL classifications

  • i32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
  • r20 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics: Household Analysis: General

Keywords

  • Energy subsidy
  • Poverty
  • Social transfers
  • Kyrgyz Republic
  • ELECTRICITY DEMAND
  • SUBSIDIES
  • REFORMS

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