Sustaining and Growing Social Innovations Using Integrated Development Models: Experiences from the United States, United Kingdom, and Japan

Paul Weaver, Michael Marks, Carina Skropke, Linda Hogan, Gabriella Spinelli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


In this chapter on “Sustaining and Growing Social Innovations Using Integrated Development Models,” development models are considered to be integrated when activities that are primarily directed toward delivering positive social outcomes also generate income to cover their financial costs, thus providing scope for sustaining and scaling the activities and their social benefits. It identifies harbingers of integrated development models emerging through the efforts of some social innovators. Insights are drawn from the experiences of time bank success cases. The chapter explores their business models and, more generally, their contributions to the development of complementary local community economies that might offer structured, coherent, and coordinated approaches to asset-based community development. The chapter recommends that policy-makers legitimize experiments with complementary economies and currencies, digital currency platforms, and governance arrangements for these. It proposes a community laboratory approach to innovation, learning, and evidence gathering through experiments co-produced with local communities and stakeholders.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocial Entrepreneurship and Enterprises in Economic and Social Development
EditorsKatharine Briar-Lawson, Paul Miesing, Blanca Ramos
Place of PublicationNew York, USA
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages37
ISBN (Electronic)9780197518311
ISBN (Print)9780197518298
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021

Cite this