Surgical and Endovascular Intervention for Dialysis Access Maturation Failure During and After Arteriovenous Fistula Surgery: Review of the Evidence

Jan H. M. Tordoir*, Niek Zonnebeld, Magda M. van Loon, Maurizio Gallieni, Markus Hollenbeck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: Maturation failure is the major obstacle to establishing functional arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) for haemodialysis treatment. Various endovascular and surgical techniques have been advocated to enhance fistula maturation and to increase the number of functional AVFs. This narrative review considers the available evidence of interventional techniques for treatment of AVF non-maturation. Results: Intra-operative vein dilation and anastomosis modification results in a clinical maturation rate of 74-92% and a 6 month cumulative AVF patency of 79-93%. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) with or without accessory vein obliteration is successful in 43-97% of patients. The long-term primary patency of PTA is rather low and multiple re-interventions are needed to achieve an acceptable cumulative fistula patency. The results of surgical revision exceed the results of endovascular intervention, with a mean primary one year patency of 73% (range 68-78%) compared with 49% (range 28-72%), respectively. The role of accessory vein obliteration remains unclear. Conclusion: Intervention for autologous arteriovenous fistula non-maturation is worthwhile and results in an increased number of functional fistulae. The outcome of surgical revision is better than endovascular and might be preferable in certain patient populations. (C) 2017 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-248
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Arteriovenous fistula
  • Haemodialysis
  • Surgery
  • Endovascular
  • Non-maturation
  • Intervention
  • Balloon assisted maturation
  • BALLOON-ASSISTED MATURATION
  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • JUXTA-ANASTOMOTIC STENOSIS
  • RADIAL-CEPHALIC FISTULAS
  • HEMODIALYSIS ACCESS
  • VASCULAR ACCESS
  • TRANSLUMINAL ANGIOPLASTY
  • PERIANASTOMOTIC STENOSIS
  • LOCAL-ANESTHESIA
  • PRIMARY PATENCY

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