Substrate-transferred GaAs/AlGaAs crystalline coatings for gravitational-wave detectors

G.D. Cole*, S.W. Ballmer, G. Billingsley, S.B. Catano-Lopez, M. Fejer, P. Fritschel, A.M. Gretarsson, G.M. Harry, D. Kedar, T. Legero, C. Makarem, S.D. Penn, D.H. Reitze, J. Steinlechner, U. Sterr, S. Tanioka, G.W. Truong, J. Ye, J. Yu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In this Perspective, we summarize the status of technological development for large-area and low-noise substrate-transferred GaAs/AlGaAs (AlGaAs) crystalline coatings for interferometric gravitational-wave (GW) detectors. These topics were originally presented as part of an AlGaAs Workshop held at American University, Washington, DC, from 15 August to 17 August 2022, bringing together members of the GW community from the laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory (LIGO), Virgo, and KAGRA collaborations, along with scientists from the precision optical metrology community, and industry partners with extensive expertise in the manufacturing of said coatings. AlGaAs-based crystalline coatings present the possibility of GW observatories having significantly greater range than current systems employing ion-beam sputtered mirrors. Given the low thermal noise of AlGaAs at room temperature, GW detectors could realize these significant sensitivity gains while potentially avoiding cryogenic operation. However, the development of large-area AlGaAs coatings presents unique challenges. Herein, we describe recent research and development efforts relevant to crystalline coatings, covering characterization efforts on novel noise processes as well as optical metrology on large-area (similar to 10 cm diameter) mirrors. We further explore options to expand the maximum coating diameter to 20 cm and beyond, forging a path to produce low-noise mirrors amenable to future GW detector upgrades, while noting the unique requirements and prospective experimental testbeds for these semiconductor-based coatings.(c) 2023 Author(s). All article content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://
Original languageEnglish
Article number110502
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2023



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