Subjective outcome after laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair for intrathoracic stomach

P. S. S. Castelijns, J. E. H. Ponten, M. C. G. Van de Poll*, S. W. Nienhuijs, J. F. Smulders

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


For decades, an intrathoracic stomach (ITS) has been a definite indication for surgery due to the perceived risk of an acute volvulus with perforation, gangrene, or hemorrhage. At the present time, elective laparoscopic repair is the first choice for treatment of ITS. There is a lack of evidence in the long-term quality of life after a hiatal hernia repair for an intrathoracic stomach.

A retrospective analysis was performed on all patients undergoing a hiatal hernia repair for an intrathoracic stomach between January 2004 and January 2015. Additionally, to a hiatal closure, the patients received an antireflux procedure. Outcome measures included patient characteristics, operative details, complications, and postoperative morbidity and mortality. All patients were sent a quality of life questionnaire to assess long-term quality of life and patient satisfaction. A higher quality of life score represents a better quality of life.

Eighty-six patients underwent laparoscopic repair for ITS, from which, one patient died during surgery. Eighty-five patients were contacted and 81 completed the questionnaire, resulting in a response rate of 95.3 %. At a median follow-up of 2.7 years (range 0.1-9.6), the mean quality of life score was 13.5 (standard deviation 2.8). The mean overall satisfaction was 8.4.

There were four recurrences: three in the first 12 days after surgery and one in 2.4 years.

Very good results in patient satisfaction and symptom reduction were achieved after a median follow-up of 2.7 years in this laparoscopic repair of the intrathoracic stomach single center experience study. The symptomatic recurrence rate was very low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-530
Number of pages10
JournalLangenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2017


  • Intrathoracic stomach
  • Hiatal hernia
  • Nissen
  • Fundoplication
  • Quality of life
  • Long-term follow-up

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