Striatal dopamine release and impaired reinforcement learning in adults with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome

Esther D. A. van Duin*, Zuzana Kasanova, Dennis Hernaus, Jenny Ceccarini, Alexander Heinzel, Felix Mottaghy, Siamak Mohammadkhani-Shali, Oliver Winz, Michael Frank, Merrit C. H. Beck, Jan Booij, Inez Myin-Germeys, Therese van Amelsvoorth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a genetic disorder caused by a microdeletion on chromosome 22q11.2 and associated with an increased risk for developing psychosis. The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene is located in the deleted region and involved in dopamine (DA) breakdown. Impaired reinforcement learning (RL) is a recurrent feature in psychosis and thought to be related to abnormal striatal DA function. This study aims to examine RL and the potential association with striatal DA-ergic neuromodulation in 22q11DS. Twelve non-psychotic adults with 22q11DS and 16 healthy controls (HC) were included. A dopamine D-2/3 receptor [F-18]fallypride positron emission tomography (PET) scan was acquired while participants performed a modified version of the probabilistic stimulus selection task. RL-task performance was significantly worse in 22q11DS compared to HC. There were no group difference in striatal nondisplaceable binding potential (BPND) and task-induced DA release. In HC, striatal task-induced DA release was positively associated with task performance, but no such relation was found in 22q11DS subjects. Moreover, higher caudate nucleus task-induced DA release was found in COMT Met hemizygotes relative to Val hemizygotes. This study is the first to show impairments in RL in 22q11DS. It suggests that potentially motivational impairments are not only present in psychosis, but also in this genetic high risk group. These deficits may be underlain by abnormal striatal task-induced DA release, perhaps as a consequence of COMT haplo-insufficiency. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732-742
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • 22g11DS
  • Dopamine
  • Reinforcement learning
  • PET
  • COMT
  • POSITRON-EMISSION-TOMOGRAPHY
  • PREFRONTAL CORTEX
  • VAL(158)MET GENOTYPE
  • REWARD ANTICIPATION
  • CLINICAL-FEATURES
  • MET POLYMORPHISM
  • RECEPTOR-BINDING
  • F-18 FALLYPRIDE
  • ENZYME-ACTIVITY
  • DAILY-LIFE

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