Spinal radiographic progression over 2years in ankylosing spondylitis patients treated with secukinumab: a historical cohort comparison

J. Braun*, H. Haibel, M. de Hooge, R. Landewe, M. Rudwaleit, T. Fox, A. Readie, H. B. Richards, B. Porter, R. Martin, D. Poddubnyy, J. Sieper, D. van der Heijde

*Corresponding author for this work

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ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to compare radiographic progression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) treated for up to 2years with secukinumab (MEASURE 1) with a historical cohort of biologic-naive patients treated with NSAIDs (ENRADAS).MethodsBaseline and 2-year lateral cervical and lumbar spine radiographs were independently evaluated using mSASSS by two readers, who were blinded to the chronology and cohort of the radiographs. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with no radiographic progression (mSASSS change 0 from baseline to year 2). The Primary Analysis Set included patients with baseline (day 30) and post-baseline day 31-743 radiographs. Sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the robustness of the comparison between the two cohorts, as follows: Sensitivity Analysis Set 1 included all patients with baseline (day 30) and year 2 (days 640-819) radiographs; Sensitivity Analysis Set 2 included all patients with baseline and post-baseline (>day 30) radiographs.ResultsA total of 168 patients (84%) from the MEASURE 1 cohort and 69 (57%) from the ENRADAS cohort qualified for the Primary Analysis Set. Over 2years, the LS (SE) mean change from baseline in mSASSS for the primary analysis was 0.55 (0.139) for MEASURE 1 vs 0.89 (0.216) for ENRADAS (p=0.1852). Mean changes from baseline in mSASSS were lower in MEASURE 1 vs ENRADAS for the primary and sensitivity analyses. The proportion of patients with no radiographic progression was consistently higher in the MEASURE 1 vs ENRADAS cohort across all cutoffs for no radiographic progression (change in mSASSS from baseline to year 2 of 0, 0.5, 1, and 2), but the differences were not statistically significant.ConclusionSecukinumab-treated patients demonstrated a numerical, but statistically non-significant, higher proportion of non-progressors and lower change in mSASSS over 2years versus a cohort of biologic-naive patients treated with NSAIDs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number142
Number of pages8
JournalArthritis Research & Therapy
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2019


  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Radiographic progression
  • Interleukin-17A
  • Secukinumab
  • Retrospective cohort study
  • Biologic therapy
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

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