Sodium nitrate ingestion increases skeletal muscle nitrate content in humans

Jean Nyakayiru, Imre W. K. Kouw, Naomi M. Cermak, Joan M. Senden, Luc J. C. van Loon, Lex B. Verdijk*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

33 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Nitrate (NO3-) ingestion has been shown to have vasoactive and ergogenic effects that have been attributed to increased nitric oxide (NO) production. Recent observations in rodents suggest that skeletal muscle tissue serves as an endogenous NO3- "reservoir." The present study determined NO3- contents in human skeletal muscle tissue in a postabsorptive state and following ingestion of a sodium nitrate bolus (NaNO3). Seventeen male, type 2 diabetes patients (age 72 +/- 1 yr; body mass index 26.5 +/- 0.5 kg/m(2); means +/- SE) were randomized to ingest a dose of NaNO3 (NIT; 9.3 mg NO3-/kg body wt) or placebo (PLA; 8.8 mg NaCl/kg body wt). Blood and muscle biopsy samples were taken before and up to 7 h following NO3- or placebo ingestion to assess NO3- [and plasma nitrite (NO3-)] concentrations. Additionally, basal plasma and muscle NO3- concentrations were assessed in 10 healthy young (CON-Y; age 21 +/- 1 yr) and 10 healthy older (CON-O; age 75 +/- 1 yr) control subjects. In all groups, baseline NO3- concentrations were higher in muscle (NIT, 57 +/- 7; PLA, 61 +/- 7; CON-Y, 80 +/- 10; CON-O, 54 +/- 6 mu mol/l) than in plasma (NIT, 35 +/- 3; PLA, 32 +/- 3; CON-Y, 38 +/- 3; CON-O, 33 +/- 3 mu mol/l; P

NEW & NOTEWORTHY Literature of the pharmacokinetics following dietary nitrate ingestion is usually limited to the changes observed in plasma nitrate and nitrite concentrations. The present investigation assessed the skeletal muscle nitrate content in humans during the postabsorptive state, as well as following dietary nitrate ingestion. We show that basal nitrate content is higher in skeletal muscle tissue than in plasma and that ingestion of a dietary nitrate bolus strongly increases both plasma and muscle nitrate concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-644
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume123
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • nitrite
  • physiology
  • supplement
  • TIME-TRIAL PERFORMANCE
  • DIETARY NITRATE
  • NITRIC-OXIDE
  • BLOOD-PRESSURE
  • BEETROOT JUICE
  • INTERMITTENT EXERCISE
  • TRAINED CYCLISTS
  • VASCULAR CONTROL
  • RICH VEGETABLES
  • DOUBLE-BLIND

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