Socioeconomic determinants and disparities in sarcoidosis

Michelle Sharp*, Michelle N. Eakin, Marjolein Drent

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Purpose of review The aim of this article is to describe the known health disparities that exist among patients with sarcoidosis by socioeconomic status, race, and gender, review potential contributors to health disparities in sarcoidosis, investigate the intersectionality among socioeconomic status, race, and gender in sarcoidosis, and outline a research agenda to address these disparities. Recent findings Recent studies have reported the significant financial strain a diagnosis of sarcoidosis has on individuals and the disproportionate affect the strain has on low socioeconomic status individuals, Blacks, and females. Worse dyspnea, lower health-related quality of life, and higher rates of mortality and hospitalization are more common among those who are Black, female, or of low socioeconomic status. Health disparities in sarcoidosis by socioeconomic status, race, and gender have been described for decades. In this review, we describe potential contributors to health disparities including stress and propose interventions to address disparities including creating educational programs accessible for low-income patients and caregivers, targeting medication adherence and trust in physicians and the medical system, and ensuring access to high-quality care for all patients. As clinicians and researchers, we owe it to our patients to not only describe the health disparities that exist but also stimulate to achieve improvement in sarcoidosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)568-573
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • gender
  • health disparities
  • race
  • sarcoidosis
  • socioeconomic
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • GENDER-DIFFERENCES
  • AFRICAN-AMERICANS
  • PERCEIVED STRESS
  • HEALTH
  • DISCRIMINATION
  • ASSOCIATION
  • VARIABILITY
  • MORTALITY
  • SEVERITY

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