Skeletal muscle fatty acid handling in insulin resistance : the effect of dietary fatty acids

A. Jans

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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Abstract

The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of risk factors (such as high blood pressure, a disturbed lipid balance, insulin resistance and obesity) for the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular diseases. Insulin resistance and central obesity are considered the main factors underlying MetS. There is proof that the type of fat in food can change the insulin sensitivity of the muscle by influencing the storage and oxidation of fats in the muscle. This dissertation focuses on the fat metabolism of the skeletal muscle in relation to insulin sensitivity and it studies the effect of the quantity and the type of fat on that. The dissertation proves that changing the quality and quantity of food can lead to an improvement of the way the muscle handles fats and thus to an improvement of insulin sensitivity. However, the results also show that changes in the diet must be well adjusted to the genetic and metabolic profile of groups of people.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Blaak, Ellen, Supervisor
  • van Tilburg, Jonathan, Advisor
Award date27 Apr 2012
Place of Publication[Maastricht
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-8891-388-4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • metabolic syndrome
  • fat storage
  • skeletal muscle
  • insulin sensitivity

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