Single-Pass Dissection of Ultrathin Organ-Cultured Endothelial Lamellae Using an Innovative Microkeratome System

Mor M. Dickman, P.J. Kruit, Frank J. H. M. van den Biggelaar, T.T.J.M. Berendschot, R.M. Nuijts

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility, dissection accuracy, and endothelial viability of ultrathin endothelial lamellae harvested from organ-cultured corneas using a single-pass with an innovative motor-driven linear microkeratome system. METHODS: Forty-eight (n = 48) paired organ-cultured human corneas were randomly assigned to dissection (study eyes, n = 24) with fellow eyes serving as the control (fellow eyes, n = 24). After organ culture and deswelling in a medium containing 6% dextran, endothelial lamellae with a target thickness </=100 mum were dissected using a motor-driven linear microkeratome system (SLc, Gebauer, Neuhausen, Germany) equipped with 400-mum (n = 4), 450-mum (n = 10), 500-mum (n = 5), or 550-mum (n = 5) heads. Central corneal thickness (CCT) and posterior and anterior lamellar thicknesses were measured using ultrasound pachymetry (Pachette 3; DGH Technology Inc, PA) and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (Casia SS-1000; Tomey, Nagoya, Japan). Endothelial viability [endothelial cell density (ECD)] was measured using trypan vital staining. RESULTS: CCT measured 595 +/- 66 mum (n = 48) on arrival, 846 +/- 131 mum (n = 48) after organ culture, and 565 +/- 58 mum (n = 48) after deturgescence. CCT did not differ between study and control eyes. Posterior lamellar thickness measured 88 +/- 18 mum (n = 24) immediately after dissection, 126 +/- 30 mum (n = 24) 1 hour after dissection, and 131 +/- 41 mum (n = 24) 2.3 +/- 0.6 days after dissection. ECD measured 2637 +/- 264 cells per square millimeter (n = 48) on arrival, 2524 +/- 232 cells per square millimeter (n = 48) after organ culture, 2493 +/- 253 cells per square millimeter (n = 48) after dissection, and 2311 +/- 218 cells per square millimeter (n = 48) 2.3 +/- 0.6 days after dissection. ECD did not differ between study and control eyes at all time points. CONCLUSIONS: Single-pass motor-driven linear microkeratome dissection provides an accurate and safe alternative for harvesting ultrathin endothelial lamellae from organ-cultured donor corneas.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-104
Number of pages5
JournalCornea
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • PRECUT TISSUE
  • CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM
  • DONOR TISSUE
  • KERATOPLASTY
  • GRAFTS
  • PRESERVATION
  • THICKNESS

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