Sentinel lymph node biopsy to direct treatment in gastric cancer. A systematic review of the literature

Daan J. Lips*, H. W. Schutte, R. L. A. van der Linden, A. E. Dassen, A. C. Voogd, K. Bosscha

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Web of Science)


Gastric cancer is one of the main causes of cancer-related deaths around the world. The prevalence of early gastric cancer (EGC) among all gastric cancers of 45-51% in Japan, but only 7-28% in Western countries. The prevalence of EGC is growing partly because of better diagnostics and screening programmes. Possible treatment options for EGC treatment are expanded by the introduction of endoscopic mucosal resection and endoscopic submucosal dissection Therefore, detailed knowledge about nodal metastatic risk is warranted. We performed a systematic review of the literature concerning studies investigating the role of sentinel lymph node biopsy in EGCr and whether there is enough proof to introduce SLN as a part of treatment for EGC in the Netherlands. Several detection substances (dye or radiocolloid) and injection methods (submucosal or subserosal) are investigated. An overall sensitivity percentage of 85.4% was found. In comparison, high and clinically sufficient percentages were observed for specificity (98.2%), negative predictive value (90.7%) and accuracy (94%). Subgroup analyses showed that the combination of dye and radiocolloid detection substances is the best method for sentinel lymph node detection in early gastric cancer. However, the precise method of sentinel lymph node biopsy in EGC has to be determined further. Large, randomized series should be initiated in Europe to address this issue.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-661
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011


  • Gastric cancer
  • Sentinel lymph node biopsy

Cite this