Self-reported automaticity and irrationality in spider phobia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
163 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Spider phobic women (n = 39) and nonfearful controls (n = 41) completed a 20-item questionnaire measuring the extent to which they experience their fear reactions to spiders as automatic and irrational. For the phobic sample, therapy outcome data were also collected. Results suggest that spider phobics tend to view their attitude to spiders as irrational and in this respect, they do not differ from control subjects. Furthermore, compared to control subjects, phobics more often perceive their responses to spiders as automatic, i.e., not under intentional control. Contrary to expectation, no robust correlation was found between automaticity and irrationality. Interestingly, automaticity was not related to treatment outcome, while irrationality to some extent predicted therapy outcome (i.e., the more phobics experienced their fear as irrational, the more they profited from exposure treatment).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-405
JournalPsychological Reports
Volume87
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000

Cite this

@article{7ede7ee7b5704b4cbdf95d3de7d6ac9f,
title = "Self-reported automaticity and irrationality in spider phobia",
abstract = "Spider phobic women (n = 39) and nonfearful controls (n = 41) completed a 20-item questionnaire measuring the extent to which they experience their fear reactions to spiders as automatic and irrational. For the phobic sample, therapy outcome data were also collected. Results suggest that spider phobics tend to view their attitude to spiders as irrational and in this respect, they do not differ from control subjects. Furthermore, compared to control subjects, phobics more often perceive their responses to spiders as automatic, i.e., not under intentional control. Contrary to expectation, no robust correlation was found between automaticity and irrationality. Interestingly, automaticity was not related to treatment outcome, while irrationality to some extent predicted therapy outcome (i.e., the more phobics experienced their fear as irrational, the more they profited from exposure treatment).",
author = "Maijer, {B N.} and H.L.G.J. Merckelbach and P.E.H.M. Muris",
year = "2000",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2466/pr0.2000.87.2.395",
language = "English",
volume = "87",
pages = "395--405",
journal = "Psychological Reports",
issn = "0033-2941",
publisher = "Ammons Scientific Ltd",

}

Self-reported automaticity and irrationality in spider phobia. / Maijer, B N.; Merckelbach, H.L.G.J.; Muris, P.E.H.M.

In: Psychological Reports, Vol. 87, 01.01.2000, p. 395-405.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-reported automaticity and irrationality in spider phobia

AU - Maijer, B N.

AU - Merckelbach, H.L.G.J.

AU - Muris, P.E.H.M.

PY - 2000/1/1

Y1 - 2000/1/1

N2 - Spider phobic women (n = 39) and nonfearful controls (n = 41) completed a 20-item questionnaire measuring the extent to which they experience their fear reactions to spiders as automatic and irrational. For the phobic sample, therapy outcome data were also collected. Results suggest that spider phobics tend to view their attitude to spiders as irrational and in this respect, they do not differ from control subjects. Furthermore, compared to control subjects, phobics more often perceive their responses to spiders as automatic, i.e., not under intentional control. Contrary to expectation, no robust correlation was found between automaticity and irrationality. Interestingly, automaticity was not related to treatment outcome, while irrationality to some extent predicted therapy outcome (i.e., the more phobics experienced their fear as irrational, the more they profited from exposure treatment).

AB - Spider phobic women (n = 39) and nonfearful controls (n = 41) completed a 20-item questionnaire measuring the extent to which they experience their fear reactions to spiders as automatic and irrational. For the phobic sample, therapy outcome data were also collected. Results suggest that spider phobics tend to view their attitude to spiders as irrational and in this respect, they do not differ from control subjects. Furthermore, compared to control subjects, phobics more often perceive their responses to spiders as automatic, i.e., not under intentional control. Contrary to expectation, no robust correlation was found between automaticity and irrationality. Interestingly, automaticity was not related to treatment outcome, while irrationality to some extent predicted therapy outcome (i.e., the more phobics experienced their fear as irrational, the more they profited from exposure treatment).

U2 - 10.2466/pr0.2000.87.2.395

DO - 10.2466/pr0.2000.87.2.395

M3 - Article

VL - 87

SP - 395

EP - 405

JO - Psychological Reports

JF - Psychological Reports

SN - 0033-2941

ER -