Selective digestive and oropharyngeal decontamination in medical and surgical ICU patients: individual patient data meta-analysis

N. L. Plantinga*, A. M. G. A. de Smet, E. A. N. Oostdijk, E. de Jonge, C. Camus, W. A. Krueger, D. Bergmans, J. B. Reitsma, M. J. M. Bonten

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

41 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Objectives: Selective digestive decontamination (SDD) and selective oropharyngeal decontamination (SOD) improved intensive care unit (ICU), hospital and 28-day survival in ICUs with low levels of antibiotic resistance. Yet it is unclear whether the effect differs between medical and surgical ICU patients. Methods: In an individual patient data meta-analysis, we systematically searched PubMed and included all randomized controlled studies published since 2000. We performed a two-stage meta-analysis with separate logistic regression models per study and per outcome (hospital survival and ICU survival) and subsequent pooling of main and interaction effects. Results: Six studies, all performed in countries with low levels of antibiotic resistance, yielded 16 528 hospital admissions and 17 884 ICU admissions for complete case analysis. Compared to standard care or placebo, the pooled adjusted odds ratios for hospital mortality was 0.82 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.72-0.93) for SDD and 0.84 (95% CI 0.73-0.97) for SOD. Compared to SOD, the adjusted odds ratio for hospital mortality was 0.90 (95% CI 0.82-0.97) for SDD. The effects on hospital mortality were not modified by type of ICU admission (p values for interaction terms were 0.66 for SDD and control, 0.87 for SOD and control and 0.47 for SDD and SOD). Similar results were found for ICU mortality. Conclusions: In ICUs with low levels of antibiotic resistance, the effectiveness of SDD and SOD was not modified by type of ICU admission. SDD and SOD improved hospital and ICU survival compared to standard care in both patient populations, with SDD being more effective than SOD. (C) 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-513
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Microbiology and Infection
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

Keywords

  • Effect modification
  • Individual patient data meta-analysis
  • Intensive care unit
  • SDD
  • Selective digestive decontamination
  • Selective oropharyngeal decontamination
  • SOD
  • INTENSIVE-CARE UNITS
  • VENTILATOR-ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIA
  • ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANCE
  • CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • DOUBLE-BLIND
  • TRACT
  • PREVENTION
  • MORTALITY
  • INFECTIONS

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