Robotic Cardiac Surgery in Europe: Status 2020

S. Cerny, W. Oosterlinck*, B. Onan, S. Singh, P. Segers, C. Bolcal, C. Alhan, E. Navarra, M. Pettinari, F. Van Praet, H. De Praetere, J. Vojacek, T. Cebotaru, P. Modi, F. Doguet, U. Franke, A. Ouda, L. Melly, G. Malapert, L. LabrousseM. Gianoli, A. Agnino, T. Philipsen, J.L. Jansens, T. Folliguet, M. Palmen, D. Pereda, F. Musumeci, P. Suwalski, K. Cathenis, J. van den Eynde*, J. Bonatti, European Robotic CardioThoracic Surgeons (ERCTS)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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BackgroundEuropean surgeons were the first worldwide to use robotic techniques in cardiac surgery and major steps in procedure development were taken in Europe. After a hype in the early 2000s case numbers decreased but due to technological improvements renewed interest can be noted. We assessed the current activities and outcomes in robotically assisted cardiac surgery on the European continent. MethodsData were collected in an international anonymized registry of 26 European centers with a robotic cardiac surgery program. ResultsDuring a 4-year period (2016-2019), 2,563 procedures were carried out [30.0% female, 58.5 (15.4) years old, EuroSCORE II 1.56 (1.74)], including robotically assisted coronary bypass grafting (n = 1266, 49.4%), robotic mitral or tricuspid valve surgery (n = 945, 36.9%), isolated atrial septal defect closure (n = 225, 8.8%), left atrial myxoma resection (n = 54, 2.1%), and other procedures (n = 73, 2.8%). The number of procedures doubled during the study period (from n = 435 in 2016 to n = 923 in 2019). The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time in pump assisted cases was 148.6 (63.5) min and the myocardial ischemic time was 88.7 (46.1) min. Conversion to larger thoracic incisions was required in 56 cases (2.2%). Perioperative rates of revision for bleeding, stroke, and mortality were 56 (2.2%), 6 (0.2 %), and 27 (1.1%), respectively. Median postoperative hospital length of stay was 6.6 (6.6) days. ConclusionRobotic cardiac surgery case numbers in Europe are growing fast, including a large spectrum of procedures. Conversion rates are low and clinical outcomes are favorable, indicating safe conduct of these high-tech minimally invasive procedures.
Original languageEnglish
Article number827515
Number of pages11
JournalFrontiers in cardiovascular medicine
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2022


  • cardiac surgery
  • coronary artery bypass grafting
  • keyhole surgery
  • minimally invasive surgery
  • mitral valve surgery
  • robotic surgery
  • Corrigendum: Robotic Cardiac Surgery in Europe: Status 2020

    Cerny, S., Oosterlinck, W., Onan, B., Singh, S., Segers, P., Bolcal, C., Alhan, C., Navarra, E., Pettinari, M., Van Praet, F., De Praetere, H., Vojacek, J., Cebotaru, T., Modi, P., Doguet, F., Franke, U., Ouda, A., Melly, L., Malapert, G., Labrousse, L., & 12 othersGianoli, M., Agnino, A., Philipsen, T., Jansens, J-L., Folliguet, T., Palmen, M., Pereda, D., Musumeci, F., Suwalski, P., Cathenis, K., Van den Eynde, J. & Bonatti, J., 7 Mar 2022, In: Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine. 9, 3 p., 870390.

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