Elevated NO production mediated by activation of the enzyme iNOS is thought to play a central role in the development of tissue damage observed during septic shock. IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha and IL-10 have been shown to be involved in the regulation of LPS-induced serum levels of the NO-oxidation products nitrate and nitrite. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the role of endogenous IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha and IL-10 in the regulation of LPS-induced tissue iNOS expression in the major organs. To this end, mice were pre-treated with anti-IFN-gamma, anti-TNF-alpha, anti-IL-10 monoclonal antibodies, or combinations of these, two hours before intraperitoneal LPS-challenge. Immunohistochemical staining for iNOS and determination of iNOS activity indicated that iNOS expression was mainly upregulated in the small intestine, lung and heart, and that IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha as well as IL-10 are involved in the regulation of iNOS expression and enzyme activity. Whereas blocking either IFN-gamma or TNF-alpha did not affect iNOS expression, iNOS enzymatic activity seems to be inhibited. In contrast, blocking both mediators nearly completely prevents iNOS expression after LPS challenge, suggesting that the presence of either IFN-gamma or TNF-alpha is essential for LPS-induced iNOS expression in these organs. Combined treatment of these monoclonal antibodies revealed that whereas on the one hand IL-10 inhibits LPS-induced iNOS expression, on the other hand IL-10 or an IL-10 inducible factor is also involved in the upregulation of iNOS expression after LPS challenge.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||European Cytokine Network|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2000|