Reducing Salt Intake for Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease-Times Are Changing

Katarzyna Stolarz-Skrzypek, Jan A. Staessen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The evidence relating blood pressure to salt intake in humans originates from population studies and randomized clinical trials of interventions on dietary salt intake. Estimates from meta-analyses of trials in normotensive subjects generally are similar to estimates derived from prospective population studies (+1.7 mm Hg increase in systolic blood pressure per 100-mmol increment in 24-hour urinary sodium). This estimate, however, does not translate into an increased risk of incident hypertension in subjects consuming a high salt diet. Prospective studies relating health outcomes to 24-hour urinary sodium excretion produced inconsistent results. Taken together, available evidence does not support the current recommendations of a generalized and indiscriminate reduction of salt intake at the population level, although the blood pressure-lowering effect of dietary sodium restriction might be of value in hypertensive patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-115
JournalAdvances in Chronic Kidney Disease
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015


  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular mortality
  • Cardiovascular outcomes
  • Salt
  • Sodium

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