Reduced glycaemic and insulinaemic responses following trehalose and isomaltulose ingestion: implications for postprandial substrate use in impaired glucose-tolerant subjects.

J.G. van Can, L.J.C. van Loon, F. Brouns, E.E. Blaak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The impact of slowly digestible sugars in reducing the risk of developing obesity and related metabolic disorders remains unclear. We hypothesised that such carbohydrates (CHO), resulting in a lower glycaemic and insulinaemic response, may lead to greater postprandial fat oxidation rates in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). The present study intends to compare the postprandial metabolic responses to the ingestion of glucose (GLUC) v. trehalose (TRE) and sucrose (SUC) v. isomaltulose (IMU). In a randomised, single-blind, cross-over design, ten overweight IGT subjects were studied four times, following ingestion of different CHO drinks either at breakfast or in combination with a mixed meal at lunch. Before and 3 h after CHO ingestion, energy expenditure, substrate utilisation and circulating metabolite concentrations were determined. Ingestion of CHO drinks with a meal resulted in an attenuated rise in GLUC ( - 33 %) and insulin ( - 14 %) concentrations following TRE when compared with GLUC and following IMU, an attenuation of 43 and 34 % when compared with SUC ingestion, respectively. Additionally, there was less inhibition of the rise in NEFA concentrations and less decline in postprandial fat oxidation (22 %) after IMU when compared with SUC, whereas TRE did not differ from GLUC. The attenuated rise in GLUC and insulin concentrations following IMU ingestion attenuated the postprandial inhibition of fat oxidation compared with SUC when co-ingested with a meal. This suggests that exchange of SUC in the diet for IMU may result in a more favourable metabolic response and may help to reduce the risks associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1210-1217
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume108
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Trehalose
  • Isomaltulose
  • Substrate use
  • HEREDITARY DISACCHARIDE INTOLERANCE
  • HUMAN INTESTINAL DISACCHARIDASES
  • LIFE-STYLE INTERVENTION
  • DIETARY FRUCTOSE
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • HEALTHY-SUBJECTS
  • PLASMA-LIPIDS
  • WEIGHT-LOSS
  • INDEX
  • OXIDATION

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