Red alert for women's heart: the urgent need for more research and knowledge on cardiovascular disease in women

Angela H E M Maas*, Yvonne T. van der Schouw, Vera Regitz-Zagrosek, Eva Swahn, Yolande E. Appelman, Gerard Pasterkamp, Hugo ten Cate, Peter M. Nilsson, Menno V. Huisman, Hans C. G. Stam, Karin Eizema, Marco Stramba-Badiale

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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A recent report of the EuroHeart project has shown that women are still underrepresented in many cardiovascular clinical trials, while important gender differences are present within most areas of heart disease. As the burden of cardiovascular disease is increasing in middle-aged women relative to men, a more profound understanding is needed of the fundamental biological differences that exist between men and women. In the current review, we aim to address the need for more explanatory sex-specific cardiovascular research to be able to adapt existing guidelines for a better heart health in women.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1362-U89
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Gender
  • Hormones
  • Risk factors
  • Women

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