Rapid assessment of antimicrobial resistance prevalence using a Lot Quality Assurance sampling approach

Frank van Leth*, Casper den Heijer, Marielle Beerepoot, Ellen Stobberingh, Suzanne Geerlings, Constance Schultsz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Aim: Increasing antimicrobial resistance (AMR) requires rapid surveillance tools, such as Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS). Materials & methods: LQAS classifies AMR as high or low based on set parameters. We compared classifications with the underlying true AMR prevalence using data on 1335 Escherichia coli isolates from surveys of community-acquired urinary tract infection in women, by assessing operating curves, sensitivity and specificity. Results: Sensitivity and specificity of any set of LQAS parameters was above 99% and between 79 and 90%, respectively. Operating curves showed high concordance of the LQAS classification with true AMR prevalence estimates. Conclusion: LQAS-based AMR surveillance is a feasible approach that provides timely and locally relevant estimates, and the necessary information to formulate and evaluate guidelines for empirical treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-377
Number of pages9
JournalFuture Microbiology
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017

Keywords

  • antimicrobial resistance
  • empirical treatment
  • Lot Quality Assurance Sampling
  • urinary tract infection
  • DOUBLE-BLIND
  • TRIAL
  • WOMEN
  • SURVEILLANCE
  • ANTIBIOTICS
  • TRACHOMA

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